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Forest Fires under climate, social and economic changes in Europe, the Mediterranean and other fire-affected areas of the world (FUME)

Forest fires in the context of climate and social changes] Large Scale ΙP, FP7, ENV. 1.3.1.1 Grant agreement number: 243888, (2010-2014), (Scientific Partnership, Steering Committee)


The approach that we will follow in FUME is to document and evaluate which changes and factors in the past affected forest fire regimes. Aided with this, and with projections of future (XXIst century, several time-slices) climate and other socioeconomic factors that could affect fire, we will project the likely impacts on the vegetation that conform our landscapes and on fire regime. Once the likely range of impacts is quantified, we will appraise current protocols and procedures for fire prevention, fire-fighting and the management of fire-prone areas to evaluate adaptive options to cope with them. That includes an evaluation of economic costs and of policies at the European level.

 
Post-fire effects and management in Southern Europe
FP0701, COST Action, (2009-2013), (Vice Chair)

Cost Action FP0701, Post-Fire Forest Management in Southern Europe, is a network of researchers and practitioners working in the field of fire ecology and forest management from all around Europe.
The action commenced in May 2008 and will continue for four years. This site will grow and develop as the Cost Action itself.
For further information on the Cost programme and to download documents such as the memorandum of understanding or the rules and regulations, please visit the official COST website: http://www.cost.esf.org

 
Conservation of forest ecosystems: the role of unburned patches

WWF Hellas – Τhe future of our forests, (2009-2010)


Forest megafires occurred in Peloponnese in 2007 were recognized as catastrophic not only for Greece but at European level, as they consumed 180000 hectares of land. Fire burned large areas of heterogeneous landscapes, leaving relatively intact a network of unburned patches. The aim of the current research is to investigate a preliminary assessment of the role of these patches in preserving the biodiversity of the main mountainous forest ecosystems burned.

 
Ecology and Conservation of the endemic fir (Abies cephalonica L.) communities at the National Parks of Mt. Parnitha and Mt. Ainos
PENED 2003, 03ΕD 537, (2006-2008) Ministry of Industry, Energy and Technology (General Secretariat of Energy and Technology), (Coordination)

The National Parks of Mt Ainos and Mt. Parnitha are the western and easternmost limits of Abies cephalonica geographical distribution range. The project consists of two Ph.D theses on the evaluation of the conservation status of Abies in Cephalonia Island (Ainos Mt.) and on the ecological parameters to be considered in the conservation of terrestrial ecosystems.
 
Spatial post-fire regeneration patterns of Pinus halepensis Mill. forests, (PYTHAGORAS I)
EPEAEK, Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs, (2004-2006), (Coordination)

Pinus halepensis forests are generally regarded as resilient to fire with the dominant tree species regenerating promptly after the fire event. Still, due to the high heterogeneity of the Mediterranean landscapes there might be patches where pines prevent from regenerating adequately due to a combination of factors. This project aims at testing this hypothesis and revealing the factors that affect pine regeneration across a burned landscape. As a pilot area, the case of a burned pine forest on Mt. Penteli, eastern Attica, was considered for sampling.
 
Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE)
SSPI-CT-2003-511202, EU, Framework Programme for Research, Technological Development, & Demonstration Activities, (2005 - 2008), (Scientific Partnership)

1. To create an inventory of invasive species that threaten European terrestrial, fresh-water and marine environments.
2. To structure the inventory to provide the basis for prevention and control of biological invasions through the understanding of the environmental, social, economic and other factors involved.
3. To assess and summarise the ecological, economic and health risks and impacts of the most widespread and/or noxious invasive species in Europe.
4. To use distribution data and the experiences of the individual Member States as a framework for considering indicators for early warning.
 
PHOENIX
The European Forest Institute (EFI) Project, (2005-2009), (Scientific Partnership)

(1) To obtain a sound database gathering the state-of-the-art of existing scientific knowledge concerning fire characteristics of the different forest types and respective species;
(2) to develop a set of criteria which can be used to classify forest types in terms of the associated fire hazard and resilience;
(3) to define the potential and limitation of the various post-fire management options;
(4) to help developing the transfer mechanisms needed between research and its application by end-users in this specific issue.
 
Βιολογικοί Δείκτες κατάστασης μεταπυρικών βιοκοινοτήτων. Εφαρμογές στη διατήρηση και διαχείριση οικολογικών συστημάτων
ΕΛΚΕ, Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών, (2006), (Συντονισμός)

Στόχος του προγράμματος είναι η παραγωγή δεικτών με τους οποίους εκτιμάται ο βαθμός μεταπυρικής επανισορρόπησης μεσογειακών φυτοκοινοτήτων με έμφαση στα δάση Pinus halepensis που έχουν υποστεί μεταπυρική διαχείριση ως συμβολή  στην ορθολογική διατήρηση και διαχείριση των οικοσυστημάτων.
 
ΕUFIRELAB, a walless laboratory
EVR1-CT-2002-40028, EU, Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development, (2002 - 2006), (Scientific Partnership)

To enable large exchange of knowledge, know-how, data, results and analysis for improving the level of the wildland fire sciences and technologies in the Euro-Mediterranean area.
 
Forest Fire Spread Prevention and Mitigation (SPREAD)
EVG1-2001-00027, EU, Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development, (2002 - 2005), (Scientific Partnership)

Fire spread modeling, measures for fire prevention, evaluation of ecosystem vulnerability indicators and burned areas restoration techniques .
 
Evaluation of biodiversity status of the Sounion National Park
Ministry for the Environment, Urban Planning and Public Works, Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development Project, (2003-2004), (Coordination)

A field survey of the Cape Sounion was organised and an update of its flora was conveyed. Major threats acting upon the flora were also identified and spatially scored
 
Βιολογικοί Δείκτες σε περιβάλλοντα φωτιάς. Εφαρμογές στη διατήρηση και διαχείριση οικολογικών συστημάτων
ΕΛΚΕ, Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών, (2004), (Συντονισμός)

Στόχος του προγράμματος είναι η παραγωγή δεικτών με τους οποίους μπορούμε να εκτιμήσουμε το βαθμό της μεταπυρικής επανισορρόπησης (post-fire resilience) φυτοκοινοτήτων Χαλεπίου πεύκης (Pinus halepensis) ώστε να συμβάλλουμε στην ορθολογική διατήρηση και διαχείριση των μεσογειακών οικοσυστημάτων.
 
Aνάπτυξη δεικτών μεταπυρικής αναγέννησης Μεσογειακών δασικών οικοσυστημάτων με χρήση ΓΣΠ
ΕΛΚΕ, Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών, (2002), (Συντονισμός)

Στόχος του προγράμματος είναι η εκτίμηση του βαθμού της ικανότητας μεταπυρικής επανισορρόπησης φυτοκοινοτήτων Χαλεπίου πεύκης με την εφαρμογή οικολογικών δεικτών που αφορούν στη δομή και τη σύνθεση της βλάστησης.

 
The role of mycorrhizas in the Mediterranean plant communities of Greece
(1999-2000), British Council, (Coordination)

Joint research project between UAECO and Institute of Terrestrial Ecology of The University of Edinburgh. Main objective: the identification of the mycorrhizal associations observed at the roots of the main plant species and their occurrence after fire.
 
Definition and creation of a common knowledge base for Forest Fires (DELFI)
Concerted Action, EU, DG XII, (1999), (Expert)

Contribution to the organisation of a scientific dictionary on fire ecology related terms and definition as well as on the preparation of a chapter on Plant Demography after fire.
 
Ανάπτυξη οικολογικών δεικτών ποιότητας τοπίου με χρήση γεωγρφαικών συστημάτων πληροφοριών
ΕΛΚΕ, Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών, (1999), (Συντονισμός)

Στόχος του προγράμματος είναι η παραγωγή δεικτών (indicators) υποβάθμισης των Μεσογειακών τοπίων (landscapes) με χρήση γεωγραφικών συστημάτων πληροφοριών (GIS). O στόχος προσεγγίζεται με την εφαρμογή των κατάλληλων βιολογικών παραμέτρων σε ΓΣΠ, τα οποία βοηθούν στην χωρική απεικόνιση των τιμών αυτών των παραμέτρων.

 
Land Use Change Interactions with Fire in Mediterranean Landscapes "LUCIFER"
ENV4-CT96-0320, (1996 - 2000), EU - DG XII ENVIRONMENT, (Scientific Partnership)

Structure and function of Aleppo pine forests in relation to fire regime. Fire and endemic plants. Land use changes and fire incidents.
 
An integrated methodology for projecting the impact of climate change and human activity on soil erosion and ecosystem degradation in the Mediterranean: a climatological gradient and dynamic systems approach "ERMES II"
ENV4-CT95-0181, (1996-1998), EU - DG XII, ENVIRONMENT, (Scientific Partnership)

Development of biological indicators of land degradation along an altitudinal gradient of Western Crete.
 
Assessment of trends for desertification of Mediterranean ecosystems of Greece as a consequence of fire. PENED 1995
(1996-1998), Ministry of Industry, Energy and Technology (General Secretariat of Energy and Technology), (Coordination)

Assessment of biotic ecosystem components (plant diversity, soil fauna diversity, ecosystem function etc.) in relation to fire regime. Investigation of potential trends for desertification.
 
Επίπεδα ποικιλότητας των Μεσογειακών οικοσυστημάτων: ανάπτυξη δεικτών με ΓΣΠ
ΕΛΚΕ, Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών, (2000), (Συντονισμός)

1. Παραγωγή γνώσης για την αξιολόγηση της κατάστασης των Μεσογειακών οικοσυστημάτων που υφίστανται τη συχνή δράση περιβαλλοντικών και ανθρωπογενών διαταραχών, όπως η φωτιά και η μεταβολή χρήσεων γης και 2. Διαμόρφωση υποστηρικτικών προτάσεων γενικότερων μέτρων διαχείρισης.

 
Modelling vegetation dynamics and degradation in Mediterranean ecosystems, ModMED
EU - DG XII, ENVIRONMENT, (Scientific Partnership). EV5V-CT94-0489, (1994-1997), ENV4-CT95-0139, (1996-1997), ENV4-CT97-0680, (1998-2001)

Prediction of changes in the structure and function of Mediterranean vegetation in response to changes in fire and grazing regimes at the individual, the community and the landscape level.
 
PROMETHEUS system validation, ENV4-CT98-D716
(1998-2000), EU-DG XII, ENVIRONMENT, (Scientific Partnership)

Validation of the knowledge based system of fire effects on the vegetation and ecosystem resilience in the Mediterranean Europe.
 
Adaptive strategies of Greek endemic plants occurring in the fire prone environments of Greece
Univ. of Athens Research Grant, (1998), (Coordination)

A data bank is created with the endemic plant taxa occurring in the fire-prone environments of Greece. Fields corresponding to taxonomic and ecological traits of the plants are foreseen.
 
Population dynamics of Cistus spp. in post-fire successional stages of Pinus halepensis forests of Attica
Univ. of Athens Research Grant, (1997), (Coordination)

The regeneration processes and the population dynamics of 3 Cistus species in post-fire communities of Aleppo pine forests of Attica are studied.
 
Landscape changes of Attica terrestrial ecosystems
Univ. of Athens Research Grant, (1996), (Coordination)

Study of the changes that have occurred at the terrestrial mountainous ecosystems of Attica at the landscape level. Issues such as fire occurrence, land abandonment and forest minimization are discussed.
 
Management techniques for optimisation of suppression and minimisation of wildfire effects "PROMETHEUS"
EV5V-CT94-0482, (1994-1996), EU-DG XII, ENVIRONMENT (Scientific Partnership)

Investigation of fire effects on Mediterranean forest ecosystems with special emphasis on key plant groups (Leguminosae, Cistaceae, Pinaceae) and on the soil biological system. Development of a knowledge based system for the prediction of regeneration and resilience of the ecosystem under various fire regime scenarios.
 
Inventory, identification, evaluation and mapping of the habitat types and flora and fauna species in Greece (Directive 92/43/EEC)
B4-3200/94/D2, EU DG XI, (1994-1995), (Participation)

Inventory of the habitat types, flora and fauna species through an extensive literature review for the application of the Directive 92.43 of the European Community.
 
Assessment of the effects of fire on natural Mediterranean ecosystems
(1994-1996), Ministry of Industry, Energy and Technology, (General Secretariat of Energy and Technology), Bilateral Project between Greece - Spain. (Coordination)

Comparative studies between post-fire plant communities in Greece and Spain.
 
Post-fire legume flora and its role in the regeneration processes of Mediterranean ecosystems
(1993-1995), Hellenic General Secretariat for Research, (Coordination)

Inventory of the population of leguminous plants in post-fire Mediterranean Aleppo pine forests. Reproductive strategies. Nodulation - soil nutrients relationships.
 
Ecophysiological study of seed germination of the strictly protected plant species of Cyprus
Univ. of Athens Research Grant, (1993-1994) (Participation)

Seed germination requirements of several important plant taxa of Cyprus are studied.
 
Drought effects on vegetation and soil degradation in Mediterranean countries
(1990 -1993), EEC, DG XII, (Participation)

The effects of prolonged drought upon the Mediterranean vegetation of Central Greece are studied mainly in terms of primary productivity and ecosystem health.
 
Formation of a Data Bank for the natural Environment of Greece
(1989-1993), EEC, (Participation)

A data bank on the natural environment of Greece is created based on an inventory of the plant and animal species as well as of the main habitat types.
 
Impacts of tourist development at the Lake Prespa National Park
(1987-1989), Hellenic General Secretariat for Research, (Participation)

Prespa National Park was proposed as a place for practicing ecotourism. Potential effects upon the terrestrial as well as the aquatic parts of the wetland are studied, with special emphasis on the plant trampling and waterfowl disturbance.
 
Air pollution effects on Attica's natural ecosystems
(1984-1985), EEC & Ministry for the Environment, Urban Planning and Public Works, (Participation)

Plant diversity, photosynthesis and primary production are among the parameters of Attica phryganic ecosystems structure and function studied.
 
Structure and management possibilities of Mediterranean evergreen sclerophyllous ecosystems of Greece
(1986-1989), Hellenic General Secretariat for Research, (Coordination)

The structure of maquis ecosystems of Greece is studied with the use of satellite imagery. Alternative scenarios for their management are studied in relation to their structure.
 
Desertification processes to Greece
(1984-1986), ΕEC, (Participation)

Study of the processes leading to biodiversity loss and minimization of productivity in the terrestrial ecosystems of Greece. Main emphasis on fire and grazing issues.
 
Decomposition processes in evergreen sclerophyllous ecosystems of Greece
(1982-1984), NATO-SRG Pannel, (Coordination)

Study of the decomposition and mineralisation processes in the soil system of maquis ecosystems of Northern Greece.
 
Effects of fire on Mediterranean-type ecosystems with special reference to adaptive strategies and diversity of plant and animal species
(1983-1985), ΕEC, (Participation)

Investigation of the adaptive strategies that plant and animal species and communities have evolved to cope with fire.
 
Harvesting before fire. Costs and benefits
(1982-1985), ΕEC, (Participation)

Investigation of the ecological consequences of harvesting the biomass of evergreen sclerophyllous stands before they burn for energy production.
 


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